Capital Punishment in Belarus
Last week the heads of the Council of Europe, the European Parliament and the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly have condemned the execution pointing out that “the UN Human Rights Committee was still considering individual applications” on Zhuk’s and Yuzepchuk’s cases. They have yet again “called on the Belarusian government to suspend the enforcement of the penalty.” Responding to criticism in the past, Minsk used to call capital punishment an internal affair. It would also bring up the 1996 referendum, in which the Belarusians people voted against abolishing the death penalty (not in the least because the second best alternative was a mere 15-year-long prison sentence). Retaining the death penalty has kept Belarus out of the Council of Europe, and by carrying out executions in secrecy Belarus has been violating its commitments as a member of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. Revoking or imposing a moratorium on capital punishment – or at least making the information about the executions public – could be Minsk’s small but important step toward Europe. However, the country has not matured enough to belong to the European institutions founded on the respect for human rights, the rule of law, and democratic development. Belarus refuses to revise its stance on capital punishment or even make executions more humane. The authorities ignore valid international criticisms that the Belarusian justice system does not accord with international standards for fair trial, prevent the use of torture (Yuzepchuk’s lawyer contended the defendant was beaten into confessing), or grant the convicted right to a public hearing. Why are the Belarusian authorities insisting on maintaining the Soviet-like secrecy about the executions? Perhaps because had the Belarusian people aware of the true number of people sentenced to death, the domestic debate on the issue of capital punishment would have been much more energetic and constructive. VC
Freedom Day in Washington, DC
It is becoming a good tradition within Belarusian community in Washington, DC to start Freedom Day celebrations at the Victims of Communism Memorial. It is becoming a good tradition within Belarusian community in Washington, DC to start Freedom Day celebrations at the Victims of Communism Memorial. This year the wreath-laying ceremony was attended by a large group of young Belarusians from the states of New York and New Jersey, leaders of the Ukrainian and Baltic Diasporas and Swedish MP Göran Lindblad.
"Today, March 25, 2010, we are celebrating Belarusian Independence Day, that is, the proclamation of the Belarusian Democratic Republic in 1918. We are remembering the national patriots who fought for Belarusian statehood and fell victim to Communist aggressions," said Dr. Vitaut Kipel of the Belarusan-American Association when opening the wreath-laying ceremony.
The Victims of Communism Memorial was dedicated by President George W. Bush on June 12, 2007 to commemorate the more than 100 million victims of communism. The "Goddess of Democracy" is a bronze replica of a statue erected by Chinese students in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, China in the spring of 1989. It is located at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue and New Jersey Avenue, NW on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C. Many world leaders have already visited the memorial site to pay their respects and lay wreaths.
Members of the Belarusan-American Association continued Freedom Day celebrations at the American University, where they hosted a reception featured lecture/discussion, films, music, displays as well as traditional Belarusian drinks and snacks.