German press on Minsk bombing – a lamentable lack of background knowledge
In the aftermath of the bomb that exploded in the Minsk metro on April 11th, several articles have been published in the German media.
The first newscasts on television on the evening of April 11th mainly followed the official statement: “Belarusian investigators assume that the explosion was a terrorist attack.” The first reports even implied that the explosion might have Lukashenka himself as a target: All media stressed that the metro station is located in direct proximity to the presidential palace and the building of the National Security Council.
During the hours following the explosions and on the next day, German media found out that there is in fact no acute terroristic threat in Belarus and that Belarus maintains good relationships with most Islamic states. Attention then turned to the opposition, the first German TV channel ARD and the national daily newspaper Sueddeutsche Zeitung were concerned that Lukashenka might use the terrorist attacks to further crush the opposition.
While people in Belarus and internet users suspected that the Belarusian authoritarian government might be involved in the explosion- an opinion that was present overall in the internet and among people in the streets immediately after the blast- German newspapers only very slowly and hesitatingly reported that hypothesis.
Benjamin Bidder, Moscow correspondent to the news website Spiegel Online wrote on April 12th:
”Anonymous bloggers wrote that the ‘photo of the offender can be found hanging on the wall of every state office in Belarus’- an unbelievable suspicion, but opposition activists assume that Lukashenka or security services might have organised the assault themselves in order to divert the attention from problems in domestic politics.”
This quotation makes clear that the reporting on Belarus in German media is badly suffering from the lack of interest in the country. Correspondents of all media covering Belarus are based in Moscow. Not only are they responsible for reporting on events in the Russian Federation but in the whole former Soviet Union. Very rarely does one of the correspondents travel to Belarus. None of the correspondents of the leading national newspapers has come to Minsk after the explosion. Therefore, articles reflect the poor understanding of what is going on in the country. Very often, mainstream simplistic hypotheses are adopted and presented to the German readers.
It is therefore not astonishing that journalists reporting on the explosion had no idea about the ongoing financial crisis in the country- writing vaguely about problems in domestic policy would apply to about every country in the world. Wild hypotheses on the terrorists that might be responsible for the assault were published: “Business circles that might have felt disturbed by Lukashenka could have planned the explosion as a warning for him.” (Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, 14.4.2011).
The news that those responsible for the explosion had been arrested the day after the explosion was taken with open scepticism in German media. It was clear that this was too quick and too easy- “the arrests of the possible terrorists can be sold as a success of domestic politics”, wrote Sueddeutsche Zeitung on April 14th “and Lukashenka badly needs a success to keep his image as a warrantor of peace and stability in the country.”
It took several days until the first well-researched articles on the current situation in Belarus were published in the German newspapers. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung wrote:
“The stock of foreign exchange is diminishing, the Belarusian rouble is losing its value, and inflation is galloping. People are standing in long queues in order to exchange money because nobody wants to be left with the Belarusian roubles.”
For a very good and detailed analysis on the economic situation in Belarus in German, read the following article published in Austria's "Die Presse".
Given the fact that German media love to call Lukashenka “Europe’s last dictator” and that this last dictator is about to ruin his country which is right at the doorstep of the European Union, it would be highly recommendable for the majority of correspondents covering Belarus from Moscow to improve their lamentable knowledge on the situation in Belarus. Travelling and talking to the right people would certainly provide them with useful background information.
The Jamestown Foundation: Belarus Survey Reveals Changes in Public Mood
WASHINGTON – David Marples published the following piece on changing attitudes towards the West in Belarus in the Jamestown Foundation’s Eurasia Daily Monitor.
The warming relationship between Belarus and the European Union has given rise to discussions about whether a new dialogue is possible under Belarusian President Alyaksandr Lukashenka. It also leads to questions about the link between the world financial crisis and the more conciliatory attitude in Minsk. An equally important but often ignored factor is whether Belarusian society supports the new direction and whether the government will remain the sole decision-maker for future policies.
From the official standpoint, Belarus is well-placed to withstand the effects of the world crisis. The growth rate from January through November was reported to be 10.8 percent, with an anticipated 7 percent rise in GDP in 2009 (Reuters, December 9). In other respects, however, the outlook seems less optimistic. Inflation has risen to 12 percent compared with 9.4 percent last year. The Belarusian currency continues to fall—the rate was BR 2,200 to the dollar last week in Minsk and even worse in other cities. The price for imported gas from Moscow seems certain to rise above Belarus’s desired price of $140 per thousand cubic meters (Belapan, December 11). Equally critical is whether Russia will reduce purchases of Belarusian goods, particularly machinery and tractors, which would make the country’s impressive industrial output somewhat meaningless.
On the surface, the country seems bent on a new pro-European direction. On Belarusian Television on December 11, an earnest Lukashenka was shown in a conversation with the departing Ambassador Extraordinaire and Plenipotentiary of Italy to Belarus, Norbert Cappello. The Belarusian president lauded Italy’s role in improving relations with his country and stated that Belarus was ready for an open-ended dialogue with the EU, but without prior conditions (ITAR-TASS, Belarusian Television, December 11). A new official of the European Commission in Belarus was formally approved the next day (Interfax, December 12).
Read full text at jamestown.org